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:: Volume 2, Issue 1 (Spring 2014) ::
IJPN 2014, 2(1): 1-12 Back to browse issues page
The compare maladaptive cognitive schemas and irrational beliefs and communicational skills between orphan adolescences and non-orphan adolescences
Abstract:   (39427 Views)
Introduction: family environment is very vital and important to development of family members. Children who are rising up in Dynamic family environment are resilience to facing life problems. Some children and adolescents like orphans do not have enough chance to experience the warmth and emotional atmosphere of family. The present study aimed to compare early maladaptive schemas, irrational beliefs and communicational skills between orphan and non-orphan adolescences. Methods: The research method was a causal- comparative approach. The sample of research consisted of 116 female adolescences (56 of them were orphan and 60 others were non-orphan adolescences), the participants mean age was between 12-18 years old. The nonorphan adolescents were selected by available sampling and the other orphan group was elected by targeting sampling. The data gathering was carried out according to three questionnaires including Young schema questionnaire short form, factor Irrational beliefs Test-Ahwaz (4IBT-A) and communication skills Test-Revised. The research data were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods including Mean and Standard Deviation. Also, inferential statistical methods like one -way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Multiple-way analysis of variance (MANOVA) and t-test student for independent groups. Then all data were entered to computer using SPSS package version 16. Results: The findings indicated that there was a significant difference between total early maladaptive schemas scores and the sub-scales including emotional deprivation, abandonment/instability, distrust/misbehave, social isolation/alienation defectiveness/ shame, failure, depended/incompetence, harm to self and obedience among orphan and non- orphan adolescences(p<0.01). While, there was no significant difference between two research groups in irrational beliefs and communicational skills except the assertiveness score. This difference was one of the sub-scales in relationship skills. The non-orphan adolescents had acquired better score than orphan adolescents in assertiveness skill. Conclusion: the results indicated that create proper conditions in childhood period for satisfying the basics needs of children like secure attachment especially for orphans child is very vital and important. Orphans are deprived from secure and stable family atmosphere. So, for better bringing up and preventing those from psychological problems creating the secure and healthy attachment in childhood period is necessary.
Keywords: Early schemas, beliefs, communicational skills, orphaned child
Full-Text [PDF 190 kb]   (3924 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/05/19 | Accepted: 2014/05/20 | Published: 2014/05/20 | ePublished: 2014/05/20
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The compare maladaptive cognitive schemas and irrational beliefs and communicational skills between orphan adolescences and non-orphan adolescences. IJPN. 2014; 2 (1) :1-12
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-282-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 1 (Spring 2014) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
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