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:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (March-April 2019) ::
IJPN 2019, 6(1): 9-18 Back to browse issues page
Investigating Dimensions of Empathy with Neutral situations in Migrant Adolescents with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Mahdi Parooi *, Alireza Moradi, Sayed Ali Kazemi Rezaie, Malek Bastami Katouli, Fatemeh Sanambari
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. , mahdiparooi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1446 Views)
Introduction: Migrant adolescents suffer from a high incidence of PTSD due to the nature of the migration process and changes occurring during adolescence. Regarding the role of empathy in the onset, survival and treatment of this disorder, reducing the level of empathy and not changing the response to neutral stimuli in these individuals, it is necessary to examine empathy with neutral situations in these individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate dimensions of empathy with neutral situations in migrant adolescents with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Methods: For this purpose, in this Ex post-facto research, 15 subjects were selected through the convenience sampling method for each group (group suffering from PTSD, without symptoms of PTSD and control). The five applied assessment tools were the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM Axis I Disorders (SCID-1), the Impact of Event Scale–Revised questionnaire (IES-R), Beck’s anxiety Inventory (BAI), Children’s depression Inventory (CDI), and The Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET). Data were analyzed using Statistical analysis and post hoc test and analyzed by SPSS 22 software.
Results: The results showed that there was no significant difference between dimensions of empathy with neutral situations of people with PTSD in comparison with other groups (F= 0.799, P= 0.574). There was a significant difference between anxiety (P= 0.001) and depression (P= 0.001) scores in the PTSD group than control group. Also, compared to the control group, the differences of anxiety scores in adolescents without PTSD were significant (P= 0.017). 
Conclusions: According to the results it can be concluded that the previous reports about deficit in low level of empathy of individuals with PTSD does not include neutral situations, and this group of individuals do not show any deficit in empathy when they face individuals without emotion and they have a recognizable, constructive, and emotional excitement in these situations.
Keywords: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Empathy, Neutral Situations, Multifaceted Empathy Test
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/08/8 | Accepted: 2018/03/18 | Published: 2018/03/18 | ePublished: 2018/03/18
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Parooi M, Moradi A, Kazemi Rezaie S A, Bastami Katouli M, Sanambari F. Investigating Dimensions of Empathy with Neutral situations in Migrant Adolescents with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. IJPN. 2019; 6 (1) :9-18
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-1005-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 1 (March-April 2019) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
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