[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 5, Issue 6 (January-February 2018) ::
IJPN 2018, 5(6): 1-7 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Marital Satisfaction and Cognitive Flexibility among Married Employees of the Welfare Office
Fariba Moradzadeh, Alireza Pirkhaefi *
Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch, Garmsar, Iran , apirkhaefi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2190 Views)
Introduction: Improving psychological characteristics, among the most important being marital satisfaction and cognitive flexibility, in married employees of the welfare office is of great importance due to their stresses. The aim of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on marital satisfaction and cognitive flexibility among married employees of the welfare office.
Methods: The present research was semi-experimental with a pre-test and post-test with control groups. The statistical population included all married employees of the welfare office of Varamin city, during year 2016. A total of 30 individuals were selected by the available sampling method and randomly assigned to two equal groups. The experimental group underwent 8 sessions of 90 minutes educated by Bach and Moran’s acceptance and commitment therapy. Both groups completed the questionnaires of Olson and Flowers’s marital satisfaction and Dennis and Vander Wal’s cognitive flexibility as a pre-test and post-test. The data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance and univariate analysis of covariance methods.
Results: The findings showed that there was a significant difference between experimental and control groups in two variables of marital satisfaction and cognitive flexibility. In the other words, acceptance and commitment therapy significantly led to an increase in marital satisfaction and cognitive flexibility of married employees (p≤0/05).
Conclusions: Regarding the findings of this research, counselors and therapists could use acceptance and commitment therapy to improve marital satisfaction and cognitive flexibility.

Keywords: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Marital Satisfaction, Cognitive Flexibility
Full-Text [PDF 419 kb]   (1718 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/09/16 | Accepted: 2018/01/23 | Published: 2018/01/23 | ePublished: 2018/01/23
1. Rashedi V, Foroughan M, Hosseini MA. [Correlation between organizational culture and burnout in the staff of Tehran province welfare organization]. J Health Promot Manage. 2012;1(2):15-22.
2. WHO. The world health organization quality of life (WHOQOL)-BREF. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2010.
3. Xie J, Shi Y, Ma H. Relationship between similarity in work-family centrality and marital satisfaction among dual-earner couples. Pers Individ Differ. 2017;113:103-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.03.021]
4. Chung K, Choi E. Attachment styles and mother's well-being among mothers of preschool children in Korea: The mediating role of marital satisfaction. Pers Individ Differ. 2014;69:135-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2014.05.027]
5. Kashdan TB, Rottenberg J. Psychological flexibility as a fundamental aspect of health. Clin Psychol Rev. 2010;30(7):865-78. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2010.03.001] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Moitra E, Gaudiano BA. A psychological flexibility model of medication adherence in psychotic-spectrum disorders. J Context Behav Sci. 2016;5(4):252-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcbs.2016.10.003]
7. Wallace DP, McCracken LM, Weiss KE, Harbeck-Weber C. The role of parent psychological flexibility in relation to adolescent chronic pain: further instrument development. J Pain. 2015;16(3):235-46. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2014.11.013] [PMID]
8. Khodayari Fard M, Hejazi E, Hoseinenezhad N. [The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment consultation (ACT) on self-efficacy and marital satisfaction substance using married women with children]. Appl Psychol Res. 2015;6(2):61-75.
9. Baruch B, Kanker J, Basch A. Acceptance and commitment therapy: enhancing the relationships. J Clin Case Stud. 2012;8(3):241-75. [DOI:10.1177/1534650109334818]
10. Hayes SC, Levin ME, Plumb-Vilardaga J, Villatte JL, Pistorello J. Acceptance and commitment therapy and contextual behavioral science: examining the progress of a distinctive model of behavioral and cognitive therapy. Behav Ther. 2013;44(2):180-98. [DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2009.08.002] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Eilenberg T, Hoffmann D, Jensen JS, Frostholm L. Intervening variables in group-based acceptance & commitment therapy for severe health anxiety. Behav Res Ther. 2017;92:24-31. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2017.01.009] [PMID]
12. Eifert GH, Forsyth JP, Arch J, Espejo E, Keller M, Langer D. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Anxiety Disorders: Three Case Studies Exemplifying a Unified Treatment Protocol. Cogn Behav Pract. 2009;16(4):368-85. [DOI:10.1016/j.cbpra.2009.06.001]
13. Peterson AL. Using acceptance and commitment therapy to treat distressed couples: a case study with two couples. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. 2009;16(4):479-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2008.12.009 [DOI:10.1016/j.cbpra.2009.01.001]
14. Mahdavi A, Aghaei M, Aminnasab V, Tavakoli Z, Besharat M, Abedin M. The Effectiveness of Acceptance-Commitment Therapy (ACT) on Perceived Stress, Symptoms of Depression, and Marital Satisfaction in Women With Breast Cancer. Arch Breast Cancer. 2017;4(1):16-23.
15. Kavousian J, Haniffi H, Karimi K. [The efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on marital satisfaction in couples]. J Health Care. 2017;19(1):75-87.
16. Mohammadi E, Keshavarzi Arshadi F, Farzad V, Salehi M. [Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on marital satisfaction on depressed women]. Know Res Appl Psychol. 2016;17(2):26-35.
17. Deval C, Bernard-Curie S, Monestès J-L. Effects of an acceptance and commitment therapy intervention on leaders' and managers' psychological flexibility. J Thér Comport Cogn. 2017;27(1):34-42. [DOI:10.1016/j.jtcc.2016.10.002]
18. Scott W, Hann KE, McCracken LM. A Comprehensive Examination of Changes in Psychological Flexibility Following Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Chronic Pain. J Contemp Psychother. 2016;46:139-48. [DOI:10.1007/s10879-016-9328-5] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Sharifi V, Mikaeili N. [Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on depression, anxiety and flexibility of absolute young women]. JOPBS 2016;20(1):1-13.
20. Moghtadayi M, Khosh Akhlagh H. [Effectiveness of acceptance- and commitment-based therapy on psychological flexibility of veterans' spouses]. Iran J War Public Health. 2015;7(4):183-8.
21. Delavar A. [Theoretical and practical research in the humanities and social sciences]. 7th ed. Tehran: Roshd Publisher; 2008.
22. Bach P, Moran D. ACT in practice: case conceptualization in acceptance and commitment therapy. Tehran: Arjmand Publisher; 2015.
23. Fowers BJ, Olson DH. Predicting marital success with PREPARE: A predictive validity study. J Marit Fam Ther. 1986;12(4):403-13. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-0606.1986.tb00673.x]
24. Ashoori J. [The relationship between personality traits, religiosity orientation and locus of control and marital satisfaction of elder women]. J Geriar Nurs. 2015;1(3):21-33.
25. Dennis JP, Vander Wal JS. The Cognitive Flexibility Inventory: Instrument Development and Estimates of Reliability and Validity. Cogn Ther Res. 2009;34(3):241-53. [DOI:10.1007/s10608-009-9276-4]
26. Soltani E, Shareh H, Bahrainian S, Farmani A. [The mediating role of cognitive flexibility in correlation of coping styles and resilience with depression]. Pajoohande. 2013;18(2):88-96.
27. Hayes SC, Luoma JB, Bond FW, Masuda A, Lillis J. Acceptance and commitment therapy: model, processes and outcomes. Behav Res Ther. 2006;44(1):1-25. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2005.06.006] [PMID]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moradzadeh F, Pirkhaefi A. The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Marital Satisfaction and Cognitive Flexibility among Married Employees of the Welfare Office. IJPN. 2018; 5 (6) :1-7
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-1035-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 6 (January-February 2018) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3877