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:: Volume 6, Issue 2 (May-Jun 2018) ::
IJPN 2018, 6(2): 1-11 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Resilience and Stress Management Training Program on Psychological Well-being, Meaning of Life, Optimism, and Satisfaction of Life in Female-Headed Households
Mahdi Khanjani , Faramarz Sohrabi , Yousef Aazami
PhD student Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran , aazami67@gmail.com
Abstract:   (687 Views)
Introduction: People with high resilience, under stressful conditions and disadvantaged situations, maintain their psychological well-being and have psychological adaptability. Therefore, the present study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of resilience and stress management programs on psychological well-being, meaning of life, optimism, and life satisfaction of female-headed households.
Methods: The research method was semi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all females under the welfare organization of Khomein City, from which 48 people were selected by the simple random method and replaced in two experimental and control groups. The data were collected using the Ryff psychological wellbeing scale, Crambeff and Mahulik's Meaningful Life Questionnaire, Carver and Scheier Optimism Scale, and Diner Life Satisfaction Scale. The results were analyzed using one-variable and multivariate analysis of covariance and SPSS-22 software.
Results: The results of the study showed that the program for promoting resilience and stress management improved the psychological well-being of the experimental group. In other words, the results showed that promotion of resilience and stress management improved the components of independence, self-empowerment, personal growth, positive relationship with others, lifestyle, and acceptance (P < 0.001). Also, Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) showed that promotion of resilience and stress management program had an impact on the meaning of life, optimism, and life satisfaction in the experimental group (P < 0.001).
Conclusions: Based on the findings of the research, it can be said that resilience and optimal management of stress are an internal quality that enable one to maintain himself in the face of adverse conditions and stresses in life, and thus promotes psychological well-being, lifestyle, optimism, and life satisfaction.

 
Keywords: Resilience, Stress, Well-being, Life meaning, Optimism, Satisfaction
Full-Text [PDF 459 kb]   (417 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/09/29 | Accepted: 2018/05/21 | Published: 2018/05/21
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Khanjani M, Sohrabi F, Aazami Y. The Effectiveness of Resilience and Stress Management Training Program on Psychological Well-being, Meaning of Life, Optimism, and Satisfaction of Life in Female-Headed Households. IJPN. 2018; 6 (2) :1-11
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-1040-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 2 (May-Jun 2018) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
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