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:: Volume 4, Issue 1 (March- April 2016) ::
IJPN 2016, 4(1): 1-10 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Audio-Visual Distraction on Anxiety and Satisfaction in Patient Undergoing Bronchoscopy of Imam Ali (AS) Hospital in Zahedan
A Navidian, E Ebrahimi Tabas, N Muolai, SH Soleymani *
Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran , Soleymanish2@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5673 Views)

Introduction: Anxiety in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures is very high and this increase the patients' dissatisfaction. This study aims evaluating the effect of distraction on anxiety and satisfaction in patients undergoing bronchoscopy. Methods: This study is a randomized clinical trial performed in Imam Ali (AS) hospital in Zahedan. In doing so, sixty available patients undergoing bronchoscopy qualified inpatient or outpatient were selected as our participants. Then, subjects were equally and randomly divided into two groups of control (n= 30) and experimental (n = 30). The data collection tools included demographic and disease form, Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory and the satisfaction form. During bronchoscopy, the selected folk music (audio and video) was presented to the experimental group. The control group received usual care. After collecting data, whole of them were analyzed (SPSS-21) by appropriate statistical tests such as chi-square (X2), Independent t-tests, Paired t-test and covariance (ANCOVA) test. Results: The result showed that the mean and standard deviation of the state anxiety score of experimental and control group were respectively 44.33 ± 8.95 and 44.60± 9. 40 before intervention, and 36.47± 6.16 and 41.07± 7.16 after intervention. The analysis of covariance with controlling the effects of demographic variables showed that the distraction has significantly caused to reduce anxiety in the intervention group (p=0.003). Also, according to the results, the satisfaction of experimental group was higher than control group (p=0.05). Conclusion: Distraction was effective in reducing anxiety and increasing satisfaction of patients undergoing bronchoscopy therefore, it is recommended to be used during invasive diagnostic and treatment procedures like bronchoscopy.

Keywords: Distraction, Bronchoscopy, Anxiety, Satisfaction.
Full-Text [PDF 254 kb]   (1996 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/03/8 | Accepted: 2016/06/15 | Published: 2016/06/15 | ePublished: 2016/06/15
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Navidian A, Ebrahimi Tabas E, Muolai N, Soleymani S. The Effect of Audio-Visual Distraction on Anxiety and Satisfaction in Patient Undergoing Bronchoscopy of Imam Ali (AS) Hospital in Zahedan. IJPN. 2016; 4 (1) :1-10
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-719-en.html

Volume 4, Issue 1 (March- April 2016) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
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