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:: Volume 4, Issue 5 (September-October 2017) ::
IJPN 2017, 4(5): 36-43 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Stressors and Coping Strategies Employed by Retired Elderly
Masoumeh Gheibizadeh , Parand Pourghane , Homa Mosaffa khomami , Fatemeh Heidari , Zahra Atrkar Roushan
Guilan University of Medical Science , p.pourghane@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1732 Views)

Introduction: Elderly when faced with different types of stressors, employ various coping strategies that are associated with different consequences for their physical and mental health. This study aimed to identify the stressors and coping strategies were employed in Elderly of East of Guilan.

Methods: This study was cross-sectional correlational-analytic. In this study, 124 elderly over 60 years old randomly selected from East Guilan’s Retirement Centers and their demographic factors, stressors in elderly and coping strategies examined using Endler and Parker questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 18 software and t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U tests.

Results: The results showed that the most frequent stressor is related to the empty nest (766.5 ± 81.26) and women reported more stress than men did (144.10 ± 26.495). The most used coping strategy by studied elderly was emotion-focused strategy (129.10 ± 69.51).

Conclusions: In this study, the most stressor was the empty nest; the most used coping strategies were emotion-focused, and running away from the problem. Therefore, due to the need to take appropriate coping strategies in older people, paying attention to this valuable group of society and also organizing education and counseling programs for these people and their families is important.

Keywords: Stressors, Coping Strategies, Elderly, Retirement
Full-Text [PDF 579 kb]   (944 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/10/30 | Accepted: 2017/01/21 | Published: 2017/02/19
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Gheibizadeh M, pourghane P, Mosaffa khomami H, Heidari F, Atrkar Roushan Z. The Relationship between Stressors and Coping Strategies Employed by Retired Elderly. IJPN. 2017; 4 (5) :36-43
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-827-en.html

Volume 4, Issue 5 (September-October 2017) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
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