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:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (March-April 2019) ::
IJPN 2019, 6(1): 26-34 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Public Self- Efficacy and attachment styles with body image of girls students
Fatemeh Khorshidi *, Ghorban Fathi Aghdam
Department of counseling and guidance, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar-Iran , Khorshidi593@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1482 Views)
Introduction: The body image is a multidimensional structure that has given rise to more scientific studies over the last few decades. Several studies have investigated the relationship between body image and psychosocial actions, and vice versa. This study aimed at determining the relationship between self-efficacy and attachment styles with body image among female students.
Methods: This study was a descriptive-correlational study. The samples of this descriptive correlational study included 181 students who were selected using multistage cluster sampling among a total of 373 first-year high school female students studying at state vocational-technical schools in Qazvin in the academic year 2016-2017. The research instruments included the Revised Adult Attachment Scale RAAS, General Self-Efficacy Scale Sherer et al, and the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire Marsh et al. Finally, data were collected and analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis in SPSS.
Results: The findings of data analysis showed a significant relationship between self-efficacy and body image (P < 0.01). In other words, the higher the students’ self-efficacy, the more positive body image they will have. Of different types of attachment styles (secure, avoidant, and ambivalent), the students with secure attachment style enjoyed a better body image (P < 0.01), and those with avoidant and ambivalent attachment style did not enjoy a good body image. Moreover, among predictor variables, self-efficacy and secure and avoidant attachment styles could predict body image among the female students (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: Overall, the results showed that there is a significant relationship between general self-efficacy and attachment styles with visual imaging. According to the results, it is suggested to consider educational programs for students, parents and teachers in relation to the principles and concepts emphasized in increasing self-efficacy, the use of scientific and applied tools for promotion of processes, and specialized training programs for students, parents and teachers.
Keywords: Self-Efficacy, Attachment Styles, Body Image, girl’s students.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/26 | Accepted: 2018/03/18 | Published: 2018/03/18 | ePublished: 2018/03/18
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Khorshidi F, Fathi Aghdam G. Relationship between Public Self- Efficacy and attachment styles with body image of girls students. IJPN. 2019; 6 (1) :26-34
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-1052-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 1 (March-April 2019) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
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