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:: Volume 12, Issue 1 (April-May 2024) ::
IJPN 2024, 12(1): 111-126 Back to browse issues page
Explaining the causal relationship between early maladaptive schemas and fear of negative appearance evaluation in cosmetic surgery applicants based on the mediating role of perfectionism
Zahra Aziz , Mohammadreza Naderian *
Department of Clinical Psychology, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr/Isfahan, Iran , mr57ceng@gmail.com
Abstract:   (421 Views)
Introduction: people who are confronted with a negative self-image may have a strong tendency towards perfectionism regarding their physical appearance, driven by the fear of negative evaluation. The aim of this study was to Explaining the causal relationship between early maladaptive schemas and fear of negative appearance evaluation in cosmetic surgery applicants based on the mediating role of perfectionism
 methods: This descriptive-correlational study included all individuals who underwent cosmetic surgery in 1401 as a statistical population. Of them, 201 participants were selected through accessible sampling. Data were collected using the Hill Perfectionism Questionnaire, the short form of Young's Maladaptive Schemas Questionnaire and the Fear of Negative Evaluation Questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using structural equation modeling and AOMS26 software.
Findings: The results of the structural equation modeling indicate good agreement with the research model. The indirect path coefficient between maladaptive early schemas and fear of negative evaluation (p=0.001, β=0.330) was positive and significant. Therefore, both negative and positive perfectionism variables played a positive and significant mediating role in the relationship between maladaptive early schemas and fear of negative evaluation in individuals seeking cosmetic surgery. In addition, the indirect path coefficient between maladaptive early schemas and fear of negative evaluation by positive perfectionism (p=0.001, β=0.140) and by negative perfectionism (p=0.001, β=0.190) was positive and significant.
Conclusion: In consideration of the acquired outcomes, it can be inferred that both negative and positive perfectionism play a mediating role in the correlation between maladaptive early schemas and the apprehension of negative assessment in a constructive and notable manner. These discoveries possess the capacity to be practically relevant for counselors and psychologists engaged in the assistance of individuals who aspire to undergo cosmetic surgery.

 
 
Keywords: Maladaptive early schemas, Fear of negative evaluation, Cosmetic surgery, Perfectionism
Full-Text [PDF 451 kb]   (117 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/09/10 | Accepted: 2024/04/29 | Published: 2024/04/29 | ePublished: 2024/04/29
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Aziz Z, Naderian M. Explaining the causal relationship between early maladaptive schemas and fear of negative appearance evaluation in cosmetic surgery applicants based on the mediating role of perfectionism. IJPN 2024; 12 (1) :111-126
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-2286-en.html


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Volume 12, Issue 1 (April-May 2024) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
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