[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 5, Issue 6 (January-February 2018) ::
IJPN 2018, 5(6): 53-60 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Personality Features and Psychosocial Distress among Nurses of Shafa Hospital in Kerman
Seyed Mostafa Seyed Askari, Mitra Kamyabi, Amin Beigzadeh, Farahnaaz Narimisa *
Clinical Research Unit, Shafa Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , fdm_248@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1782 Views)
Introduction: Cognitive impairment is caused by major problems in the ability of human cognition. Common cognitive problems or psychological distress have an effect on family, social life, personal life or career of a person. In addition, it has an indispensable impact on different jobs. Nursing is one of the most affected jobs in this regard. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between personality features and psychological distress in nurses working in Shafa Hospital in Kerman.
Methods: In this descriptive-correlational research, the study population consisted of all nurses of Shafa hospital (n = 324). We used Morgan table and based on simple random method, 177 nurses entered the study. In order to gather data, we used Oxford-Liverpool inventory of feelings and experiences (O-LIFE) as well as Goldberg big five personality inventory. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 16.
Results: Findings showed that there was a relationship in neuroticism, extroversion, openness to experience, and conscientiousness with psychological distress in nurses of Shafa Hospital in Kerman. Findings highlighted that the role of personality features in psychological distress are different. In this regard, an increase in neuroticism and openness to experiences was accompanied by an increase in psychological distress. By the same token, neuroticism (0.38) and openness (0.42) had the least and conscientious (0.89) had the most impacts, respectively.
Conclusions: As personnel of an organization need to follow their desires and become part of the norms and objectives of an organization, their personality structure can help them to stay and succeed in a job. Thus, personality coordination and job compatibility can prevent psychological distress in nurses and increase their dignity and satisfaction in the organization. This augments the productivity of an organization.

Keywords: Personality Traits, Psychological Distress, Nurses
Full-Text [PDF 375 kb]   (772 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/01/30 | Accepted: 2018/01/31 | Published: 2018/01/31 | ePublished: 2018/01/31
1. Seif Z, Amin H, Shabani S, editors. The relationship of personality trait (NEO-PI-R) and phsychological distress in students. National Conference of Education and Psychology Marvdasht Andisheh Sazan; 2014; Iran.
2. Salmaani J, Hassani J, Kiae Arianna E. Evaluating the role of personality traits (consciousness, agreeableness and sensation seeking) in riskybehaviors. Adv Cogn Sci. 2014;16(1).
3. Schultz D, Schultz S. [Theories of Personality]. 8th ed. Tehran: Publication Virayesh; 2010.
4. Atkinson R. [Introduction to Psychology]. 20nd ed. Tehran: Roshd publication; 2015.
5. Schultz D. [Theories of personality]. 20nd ed. Tehran: Publication Arasbaran; 2013.
6. Unknown. The relationship between job stress and personality traits with mental health of nurses in Tehran Imam Khomeini Hospital. Tehran Tehran University; 2006.
7. McCrae RR, Costa PT. Comparison of EPI and psychoticism scales with measures of the five-factor model of personality. Pers Individ Differ. 1985;6(5):587-97. [DOI:10.1016/0191-8869(85)90008-X]
8. McCrae RR, Costa PT. Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1987;52(1):81. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.52.1.81]
9. Costa PT, MacCrae RR. Revised NEO personality inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO five-factor inventory (NEO-FFI): Professional manual: Psychological Assessment Resources, Incorporated; 1992.
10. Korotkov D, Hannah TE. The Five-Factor Model of Personality: strengths and limitations in predicting health status, sick-role and illness behaviour. Pers Individ Differ. 2004;36(1):187-99. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00078-3]
11. Costa PT, Terracciano A, McCrae RR. Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: robust and surprising findings. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2001;81(2):322-31. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.81.2.322] [PMID]
12. Moor C, Zimprich D, Schmitt M, Kliegel M. Personality, aging self-perceptions, and subjective health: a mediation model. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2006;63(3):241-57. [DOI:10.2190/AKRY-UM4K-PB1V-PBHF] [PMID]
13. Sharif Z. The relationship between the five-factor personality style, job satisfaction and organizational commitment (a case study of Melat bank). Semnan Semnan University; 2011.
14. Yaghoubi H, Mohammadzadeh A. Validation of the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE) Questionnaire. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012;14(9):24-9.
15. Chamorro-Premuzic T, Furnham A. Personality predicts academic performance: Evidence from two longitudinal university samples. J Res Pers. 2003;37(4):319-38. [DOI:10.1016/S0092-6566(02)00578-0]
16. Rashidi S. Investigating the relationship between psychological well-being, a sense of happiness and self-esteem based on perceptions of teacher behavior in high school girl students in the city of Bam. Kerman: Islamic Azad University Kerman; 2015.
17. Schmitz N, Kruse J, Tress W. Improving screening for mental disorders in the primary care setting by combining the GHQ-12 and SCL-90-R subscales. Compr Psychiatry. 2001;42(2):166-73. [DOI:10.1053/comp.2001.19751] [PMID]
18. Goodwin RD, Friedman HS. Health status and the five-factor personality traits in a nationally representative sample. J Health Psychol. 2006;11(5):643-54. [DOI:10.1177/1359105306066610] [PMID]
19. Sharma M, Kaveri SN, Yadava A. Personality factors as correlates of Health among Adults. J Indian Acad Appl Psychol. 2010;36(2):328-33.
20. Kaplan S. [Handbook of Clinical Psychiatry]. 5th ed. Tehran: Arjomand publication; 2005.
21. Wood AM, Joseph S, Maltby J. Gratitude predicts psychological well-being above the Big Five facets. Pers Individ Differ. 2009;46(4):443-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2008.11.012]
22. Chalabianloo G, Garoosi Farshi M. Relation of NEO-PI-R personality inventory and SCL-90-R:Ability of NEO inventory in mental health evaluation. J Behav Sci. 2010;4(1):51-8.
23. Zamani N. Investigating the relationship of psychological hardiness and psychological well-being with social phobia of nursing students in kerman university of medical sciences. Kerman: Islamic Azad University Kerman; 2011.
24. Khankah S. [Organization Behavior]. 1st ed. Tehran: Aeen publication 2010.
25. Sadeghian F, Sheikhpoor N. The importance of students' personality types to chose their career. J Consult Train Sch. 2011;6(3):8-11.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Seyed Askari S M, Kamyabi M, Beigzadeh A, Narimisa F. The Relationship between Personality Features and Psychosocial Distress among Nurses of Shafa Hospital in Kerman. IJPN. 2018; 5 (6) :53-60
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-890-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 6 (January-February 2018) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3903