[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 6 (February-March 2019) ::
IJPN 2019, 6(6): 9-17 Back to browse issues page
Predicting of Nursing Students’ Eating Disorder based on Alexithymia, Coping Styles and Cognitive Emotion Regulation
Azita Amirfakhraei , Sana Rezaei , Zahra DashtBozorgi *
Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran , zahradb2000@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (531 Views)
Introduction: In recent years, the eating disorder as a psychosocial disorder has increased dramatically and this disorder has an important role in reduction of physical and mental health. This research aimed to predicting of nursing students’ eating disorder based on alexithymia, coping styles and cognitive emotion regulation.
Methods: This study was a descriptive from correlational type. The research population was the nursing students’ of Islamaic Azad University of Ahvaz branch in 2017-18 years which from them 210 student (29 man and 181 woman) were selected by stratified randomly sampling method. All of them completed the questionnaires of eating disorder, alexithymia, coping styles and cognitive emotion regulation. Data was analyzed with using SPSS-21 and by Pearson correlation and multiple regression with enter model methods.
Results: The findings showed that alexithymia (r=0/173), avoid-focused coping style (r=0/198) and negative cognitive emotion regulation strategies (r=0/465) had a significantly positive relationship with nursing students’ eating disorder and problem-focused coping style (r=-0/376) and positive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (r=-0/541) had a significantly negative relationship with nursing students’ eating disorder. Also, the variables of positive cognitive emotion regulation strategies, negative cognitive emotion regulation strategies and problem-focused coping style significantly could predict 45/5 percent of variance of nursing students’ eating disorder that in this prediction the share of positive cognitive emotion regulation strategies was higher than other variables (p<0/05).
Conclusions: The results indicate the role and importance of the variables of positive and negative cognitive emotion regulation strategies and problem-focused coping style in predicting nursing students’ eating disorder. Therefore counselors and therapists should pay attention to the signs of mentioned variables and based on design and implement appropriate programs to decrease the nursing students’ eating disorder.
Keywords: Eating Disorder, Nursing Students, Alexithymia, Coping Styles, Cognitive Emotion Regulation
Full-Text [PDF 1469 kb]   (343 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/12/29
1. 1. Nicholls R, Perry L, Duffield C, Gallagher R, Pierce H. Barriers and facilitators to healthy eating for nurses in the workplace: an integrative review. J Adv Nurs 2017; 73(5): 1051-65. [DOI:10.1111/jan.13185] [PMID]
2. Boisseau CL. Identification and management of eating disorders in gynecology: menstrual health as an underutilized screening tool. Am J Obetet Gynecol 2016; 215(5): 572-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2016.07.009] [PMID]
3. Goldschmidt AB, Wall MM, Choo TJ, Evans EW, Jelalian E, et al. Fifteen-year weight and disordered eating patterns among community-based adolescents. Am J Prev Med 2018; 54(1): 21-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.amepre.2017.09.005] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Moessner M, Fassnacht DB, Bauer S. Online assessment of eating disorders: the clinical and research inventory for eating disorders (CR-EAT). Ment Health Prev 2015; 3(4): 170-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.mhp.2015.08.001]
5. Cook B, Leininger L. The ethics of exercise in eating disorders: Can an ethical principles approach guide the next generation of research and clinical practice? J Spo Health Sci 2017; 6(3): 295-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.jshs.2017.03.004] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Cicmil N, Eli K. Body image among eating disorder patients with disabilities: a review of published case studies. Body Image 2014; 11(3): 266-74. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2014.04.001] [PMID]
7. Pinna F, Sanna L, Carpiniello B. Alexithymia in eating disorders: therapeutic implications. Psychol Res Behav Manage 2015; 8: 1-15. [PMID]
8. Serafini G, Gonda X, Pompili M, Rihmer Z, Amore M, Engel-Yeger B. The relationship between sensory processing patterns, alexithymia, traumatic childhood experiences, and quality of life among patients with unipolar and bipolar disorders. Child Abuse Neglect 2016; 62: 39-50. [DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.09.013] [PMID]
9. Loas G, Baelde O, Verrier A. Relationship between alexithymia and dependent personality disorder: A dimensional analysis. Psychiat Res 2015; 225(3): 484-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2014.11.062] [PMID]
10. DiStefano RA, Koven NS. Dysfunctional emotion processing may explain visual memory deficits in alexithymia. Pers Indiv Differ 2012; 52(5): 611-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2011.12.007]
11. Westwood H, Kerr-Gaffney J, Stahl D, Tchanturia K. Alexithymia in eating disorders: systematic review and meta-analyses of studies using the Toronto alexithymia scale. J Psychosom Res 2017; 99: 66-81. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2017.06.007] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Khodabakhsh MR, Kiani F. [The mediator role of emotion regulation difficulties in relationship between alexithymia and disordered eating behaviors among students Allameh Tabataba'i University, Iran]. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2016; 10(2): 44-51. (Persian)
13. Khodabakhsh MR, Kiani F. [The role of depressive symptoms and alexithymia in predicting disordered eating behavior among female students]. J Commu Health 2014; 8(3): 27-36. (Persian)
14. Wonderlich-Tierney AL, VanderWal JS. The effects of social support and coping on the relationship between social anxiety and eating disorders. Eating Behav 2010; 11(2): 85-91. [DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2009.10.002] [PMID]
15. Thompson NJ, Fiorillo D, Rothbaum BO, Ressler KJ, Michopoulos V. Coping strategies as mediators in relation to resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder. J Affect Disord 2018; 225: 153-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.049] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Alcala-Herrera V, Marvan MA. Early menarche, depressive symptoms, and coping strategies. J Adolesc 2015; 37(6): 905-13. [DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.06.007] [PMID]
17. Eludoyin OM. Assessment of daytime physiologic comfort, its perception and coping strategies among people in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Weather Climate Extr 2015; 10(2): 70-84. [DOI:10.1016/j.wace.2015.06.006]
18. Kirsch AC. Examining the moderating role of specific coping strategies on the relationship between body image and eating disorders in college-age women. Master's Theses, Chicago: Loyola University; 2014.
19. Kachuei M, Fathi Ashtiani A, Allahyari A. [The role of coping styles and personality traits in eating- disordered behaviors]. Health Psychol 2015; 4(13): 62-73. (Persian)
20. Asghari F, Ghasemi Jobaneh R, Yousefi N, Saadat S, Rafiei Gazani F. [Role of perceived stress and coping styles on the eating disorders of high school students of Rasht city in 2013]. J Commu Health 2014; 8(2): 28-38. (Persian)
21. Micanti F, Lasevoli F, Cucciniello C, Costabile R, Loiarro G, et al. The relationship between emotional regulation and eating behaviour: a multidimensional analysis of obesity psychopathology. Eat Weight Disord 2017; 22(1): 105-15. [DOI:10.1007/s40519-016-0275-7] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Yousefi R, Asghari H, Toghyani E. [Comparison of early maladaptive schemas and cognitive emotion regulation in cardiac patients and normal individuals]. J Zanjan Uni Med Sci 2016; 24(107): 130-43. (Persian)
23. Zlomke KR, Hahn KS. Cognitive emotion regulation strategies: gender differences and associations to worry. Pers Indiv Differ 2010; 48: 408–13. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.007]
24. Darvish Baseri L, DashtBozorgi Z. [Effectiveness of group therapy based on acceptance and commitment on cognitive emotion regulation and alexithymia of patients with type 2 diabetes]. Iran J Psychiat Nurs 2017; 5(1): 7-14. (Persian) [DOI:10.21859/ijpn-05012]
25. Sakakibara R. Does cognitive appraisal moderate the effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies? a short-term longitudinal study. Pers Indiv Differ 2016; 101: 511-2. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2016.05.284]
26. Diedrich A, Hofmann SG, Cuijpers P, Berking M. Self-compassion enhances the efficacy of explicit cognitive reappraisal as an emotion regulation strategy in individuals with major depressive disorder. Behav Res Ther 2016; 82: 1-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2016.04.003] [PMID]
27. MacVie JD. The association between emotion regulation strategies and symptoms of binge eating disorder. Dissertation of Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology, California Lutheran University; 2016.
28. Firoozi AA. [Relationship between attachment styles, cognitive emotion regulation strategies, concerns about body image with eating disorder symptoms in students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of medical sciences]. Dissertation of MA, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz; 2012. (Persian)
29. Berthoz S, Perdereau F, Godart N, Corcos M, Haviland MG. Observer-and self-rated alexithymia in eating disorder patients: Levels and correspondence among three measures. J Psychosom Res 2007; 62(3): 341-347. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2006.10.008] [PMID]
30. Shayeghian Z, Vafaae. [The evaluation of psychometric properties of eating disorder inventory (EDI)]. Q J Psychol Stud 2010; 6(2): 9-23. (Persian)
31. Aydan A. A comparison of the alexithymia, self-compassion and humor characteristics of the parents with mentally disabled and autistic children. Soc Behav Sci 2015; 174: 720-729. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.607]
32. Besharat MA. [Reliability and factorial validity of Farsi version of the Toronto alexithymia scale with a sample of Iranian students]. Psychol Rep 2007; 101(1): 209-220. (Persian) https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.101.1.209-220 [DOI:10.2466/PR0.101.5.209-220] [PMID]
33. Ghoreyshirad F. [Validation of Endler & Parker coping scale of stressful situations]. J Behav Sci 2010; 4(1): 1-7. (Persian)
34. Garnefski N, Kraaij V, Spinhoven P. Negative life events, cognitive emotion regulation and emotional problems. Pers Indiv Differ 2001; 30(8): 1311-1327. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00113-6]
35. Sharifibastan F, Yazdi S, Zahraei S. The role of cognitive emotion regulation and positive and negative affect in resiliency of women with breast cancer. Iran J Psychiatry Nurs 2016; 4(2): 38-49. (Persian) [DOI:10.21859/ijpn-04025]
36. Mennin DS, Farach FJ. Emotion and evolving treatments for adult psychopathology. Clin Psychol Sci Prac 2007; 14(4): 329-352. [DOI:10.1111/j.1468-2850.2007.00094.x]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Amirfakhraei A, Rezaei S, DashtBozorgi Z. Predicting of Nursing Students’ Eating Disorder based on Alexithymia, Coping Styles and Cognitive Emotion Regulation. IJPN. 2019; 6 (6) :9-17
URL: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-1091-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 6 (February-March 2019) Back to browse issues page
نشریه روان پرستاری Iranian Journal of  Psychiatric Nursing
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3919